Published in paper:
Fink C, Lawton R, Förschner F, Gföller P, Herbort M, Hoser C. Minimally Invasive Quadriceps Tendon Single-Bundle, Arthroscopic, Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Rectangular Bone Tunnels. Arthrosc Tech. 2018;7(10):e1045-e1056. doi:10.1016/j.eats.2018.06.012
Many surgeons use quadriceps tendon (QT) graft for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision surgery; however, despite excellent clinical results, the QT has not achieved universal acceptance for primary ACL reconstruction. One of the reasons for this may be that the QT is technically demanding to harvest and the scar from open harvesting techniques is less cosmetically favorable than that from hamstring tendon techniques. Recent evidence has suggested that broad flat QT grafts may more closely mimic native ACL “ribbon-like” morphology than hamstring tendon grafts. Furthermore, rectangular bone tunnels may more accurately re-create native ACL attachments, allowing grafts to simulate native ACL rotation during knee flexion and potentially improving biomechanics. Rectangular tunnels have further advantages in revision cases, in which—in comparison with round tunnels—they have reduced overlap with pre-existing transtibial tunnels, increasing the chance of bypassing primary tunnels during revision surgery. Finally, instrumentation for minimally invasive QT harvesting has reduced technical difficulty and improved cosmetic results. Hence, technical and cosmetic concerns are no longer barriers to QT use. These anatomic and biomechanical advantages and technical developments make the QT an increasingly attractive option for both primary and revision ACL reconstruction.